Assessment Body

Assessment Body

What is an Assessment Body?

The European Commission Common Safety Method on Risk Evaluation and Assessment Regulation 402/2013 (CSM RA), as amended by Regulation 2015/1136, provides a legal obligation and mandatory framework for evaluating and assessing the risk associated with significant engineering, operational and organisational changes to the EU and UK mainline railways.

CSM RA was introduced to harmonise the process for managing hazards in EU member states and to make it easier for assessments to be recognised between national authorities.

The regulation introduces the idea of a Proposer, which is the entity responsible for the change. This could be any organisation making a change to the railway, such as: Infrastructure managers; Railway undertakings; Entities in Charge of Maintenance; manufacturers or any APIS applicant (Authorisation for Placing into Service).

An Assessment Body (AsBo) is an independent party appointed to assess the application of the hazard management safety risk process applied during a project. The assessment will determine the project's compliance with the CSM RA regulations. The final output is a Safety Assessment Report.

What are the benefits of appointing an accredited Ricardo Certification company as your AsBo provider?

Ricardo Certification BV, Ricardo Certification Iberia S.L. and Ricardo Certification Limited are accredited as an Inspection Body under ISO/IEC 17020 and can offer Assessment Body services.

These bodies offer clients extensive knowledge of the CSM RA process, with experts who bring many years' experience of safety assurance and risk assessment work, and are recognised in the EU and in the UK.

Our approach is not to perform assessments as a tick-box exercise. Nor do we view CSM RA as a single event.

Rather, we see it as an iterative process of constant re-evaluation of whether hazards have been identified and appropriately managed.

We bring an independent, proactive and pragmatic approach to each assignment we undertake.

And by maintaining open and constructive dialogue throughout the process, we can help remove unnecessary paperwork and reduce the risks of delays and cost overruns.

For example, our experts will help you recognise where the work that you have already done has the applicability to satisfy the assurance process and help minimise the administrative burden.

How does the AsBo process work

An Assessment Body (AsBo) is an independent party appointed to assess the risk management process applied to address safety during a major change project in the rail environment.

The AsBo checks that the CSM RA process has been correctly applied throughout the project. They do not just look at whether a process has been followed, but also the results of the application of the process.

The safety assessment report provided by the Assessment Body can be submitted as evidence that all identified hazards and associated risks are controlled to an acceptable level. For more information, see our download Common Safety Method for Risk Evaluation and Assessment which explains the roles and requirements of an Assessment Body.

Download our Illustrated guide to the CSM RA process

CSM RA training courses

If you are involved with changes to the railway you need an understanding of how to manage risk.

The European Commission Common Safety Method on Risk Evaluation and Assessment Regulation (CSM RA) provides a mandatory framework for assessing risk associated with engineering, operational and organisational changes to the railway.

Ricardo offers training courses focused on the regulation, its implementation and its place within the context of Engineering Safety Management best practice.

The courses are delivered online and are scheduled over two or four mornings (thus, one day and two course equivalents). For more information visit our CSM RA training pages.

Elizabeth Line

Elizabeth Line

We have been the appointed Assessment Body for London's forthcoming Elizabeth Line (formerly Crossrail) since 2012. Read more about our role in this project here.

Read more